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Technology for autonomous power supply of forest monitoring systems


This project investigates possible energy sources in the forest ecosystem with the aim of developing a technology for autonomous power supply for measuring, recording and transmission of process measurements in forest monitoring. It is intended to combine the potentially present energy sources in the forest sector in a way that an autonomous, all-time power supply even under the conditions of different forest structures becomes feasible. Available measurement systems for the collection of meteorological, hydrological and tree-growth parameters are to be supplied with sufficient power irregardless of their position, even though those are placed in dark forests that are abundantly covered with vegetation. The focus will be on the following potential sources of energy: solar, wind, geothermal energy, kinetic energy and the potential gradient in the pH values between soil and tree.


Another objective is the development of a heterogeneous wireless sensor network for the management of process measurements. An integrated alarm management and communication system should allow setting individual thresholds and measurement frequencies to enable remote monitoring scenarios.

IHP`s Contribution

  • Development and Implementation of a heterogeneous wireless sensor network
  • Integrated alert and failure management
  • Enhanced reliability for parameter monitoring
  • Demonstrator
  • Field tests and technical support


Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (ZIM initiative)

Project Partners

  • Johann Heinrich v. Thünen-Institut (vTI) Bundesforschungsinstitut für Ländliche Räume, Wald und Fischerei Institut für Waldökologie und Waldinventuren, Eberswalde (coordinator)
  • Umwelt-Geräte-Technik GmbH (UGT), Müncheberg
The building and the infrastructure of the IHP were funded by the European Regional Development Fund of the European Union, funds of the Federal Government and also funds of the Federal State of Brandenburg.