An electronic neural network consists of simple processing units, the neurons, as well as weighted connections between these, the so-called synapses. In the future memrestive devices could represent the function of synapses in integrated circuits. Memristive devices exhibit a variable resistance-based memory function. In neural circuit technology memristive devices open the possibility to overcome the current hurdles of digital data processing in the field of cognitive tasks, such as pattern recognition. The research strategy focuses on the development of memristive devices for future electronic circuits with a strong orientation towards biological systems.